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Process Safety Management in Petrochemical Industries

Process Safety Management in Petrochemical Industries

Think Safety - It couldn't hurt

by Parin Shah, Reema Padiyar (write a review)
Type: Print Book
Genre: Engineering
Language: English
Price: Rs.1,655.00 + shipping
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Description of "Process Safety Management in Petrochemical Industries"

Process Safety Management (PSM) Program describes the management system for protecting people, property, and the environment from catastrophic releases of highly hazardous chemicals in the workplace. PSM is accomplished by systematically evaluating the process (or processes) using approaches to assess the effectiveness of the process design, technology, operations, maintenance, non-routine activities, procedures, emergency preparedness, training, and other process elements. For this, the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119) was published in the Federal Register on Monday, February 24, 1992. The PSM program describes how employees are involved in the programs, how process hazard analyses are conducted, and preparation of operating procedures and practices, training, contractors, pre-start-up safety, mechanical integrity, managing change, incident investigation, emergency preparedness, and compliance audits. Each element has its own importance to be accomplished. An on-going mechanical integrity program is used to ensure safe process operation. This includes the check for the instrumentation components in the entire plant. To ensure that failure of the instrumentation does not take place due to its mechanical integrity, its Functional Safety has to be established. Allocation of safety functions to specific protection layers for the purpose of prevention, control, or mitigation of hazards from the accelerator and it’s; associated equipment is necessary to maintain safety integrity. Safety integrity level (SIL) is a discrete level (one out of a possible four) for specifying the safety integrity requirements of the safety functions to be allocated to the Electrical/electronic/programmable electronic system (E/E/PE) as for safety-related systems, where SIL 4 has the highest level of safety integrity and SIL 1 the lowest. Safety Integrity Level (SIL) is a criterion that judges the reliability of the safe-guards. It specifies or assigns the required safety integrity level to the scenario to identify the level of risk involved in the scenario. International Electro technical Commission (IEC) 61511 has published different methods for the determination of SIL in chemical process industries. This report explains all the elements of Process Safety Management (PSM) through a PSM Gap Audit and gives a brief introduction about functional safety and methods to conduct Safety Integrity Level (SIL).

About the author(s)

Dr. Parin Shah is currently working as an Associate Professor in Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad. He has been teaching undergraduate and post graduate students of chemical engineering for more than 15 years. Besides teaching, he also undertakes consultancy assignments in the field of energy conservation and pollution control. He is actively involved in energy, safety and environmental audit for various chemical industries.

Dr. Parin Shah graduated in Chemical Engineering from Gujarat University and did his M.Tech. in Chemical Engineering specialization Environmental Process Design from Nirma University and completed ph.D. in 2012 in Chemical Engineering from D.D.University, Nadiad.

Book Details
Publisher: 
Pothi
Number of Pages: 
167
Dimensions: 
A4
Interior Pages: Full Color
Binding: Paperback (Perfect Binding)
Availability: In Stock (Print on Demand)
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