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Compound Words in English (eBook)

Compound Words in English (eBook)

Vocabulary Building

by Manik Joshi (write a review)
Type: e-book
Genre: Education & Language, Job & Career
Language: English
Price: Rs.149.00
Available Formats: PDF Immediate Download on Full Payment
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Description of "Compound Words in English (eBook)"

Number of Pages: 58
Format: PDF
Dimensions: 8.5 inch x 11 inch
[Paper Size: A4]

What are “Compound Words”?

A compound word consists of two or more base words. Meaning of Compound word is often different from the separate base words.

Compound Words and Parts of Speech
Compound words are mostly nouns, adjectives, and verbs.

Kinds of Compound Words
Compound words are of three types:

(A). Closed Compound Words:
Words are joined together. There is no space or hyphen between the words.
Examples: firefly / softball / redhead / keyboard / makeup / notebook

(B). Hyphenated Compound Words:
Words are joined together by a hyphen.
Examples: daughter-in-law / over-the-counter / six-year-old

(C). Open Compound Words:
Words are not joined together. Words are open or separate. In other words, there is a space between the words.
Examples: post office / real estate / full moon / half sister

Some general rules regarding use of hyphens:-
Compound Adjectives are often hyphenated.
If compound adjective precedes a noun, they are hyphenated
Examples:
low-paying job [low- paying is a compound adjective; job is a noun]
easy-going celebrity [easy-going is a compound adjective; celebrity is a noun]

Adverbs that end in –ly and compounded with another modifier are generally not hyphenated:
Examples:
deeply held beliefs
genetically modified foods
highly placed sources
quietly organized meeting

ALSO NOTE:
1. Some compound words may have more than one form but these forms may belong to different parts of speech.

Examples:
bread and butter [open form] [noun]
bread-and-butter [closed form] [adjective]

charge sheet [open form][noun]
chargesheet [closed form] [verb]

fast track [open form] [noun]
fast-track [hyphenated form] [adjective, verb]

first degree [open form] [noun]
first-degree [hyphenated form] [adjective]

full time [open form] [noun]
full-time [hyphenated form] [adjective, adverb]

gift wrap [open form] [noun]
gift-wrap [hyphenated form] [verb]

hard core [open form] [noun]
hard-core [hyphenated form] [adjective]

hard line [open form] [noun]
hard-line [hyphenated form] [adjective]

road test [open form] [noun]
road-test [hyphenated form] [verb]

second hand [open form] [noun]
second-home [hyphenated form] [adjective]

2. Some compound words which are hyphenated in American English are not hyphenated in British English.
Example: cash-back [American English]; cashback [British English]

3. Compound words are mainly formed in the following ways:
(a). adjective + adjective [example: bittersweet]
(b). adjective + noun [example: blackboard]
(c). adjective + verb [example: broadcast]
(d). adjective + past participle [example: cold-blooded]
(e). adjective + present participle [example: free-standing]
(f). adverb (or preposition) + adjective [example: ingrown]
(g). adverb (or preposition) + noun [example: afterlife]
(h). adverb (or preposition) + verb [example: cutback]
(i). adverb + past participle [example: brightly lit]
(j). adverb + present participle [example: long-lasting]
(k). noun + adjective [example: blood red]
(l). noun + adverb (or preposition) [example: hanger-on]
(m). noun + noun [example: airman]
(n). noun + verb [example: air-condition]
(o). noun + past participle [example: sun-dried]
(p). verb + adverb (or preposition) [example: breakdown]
(q). verb + noun [example: bathroom]
(r). gerund + noun [example: bleaching powder]
(s). noun + gerund [example: air-conditioning]

Detailed list of Compound words in Alphabetical Order. [All compound words have been grouped according to the parts of speech they belong to.]

Compound Words -- A

ADJECTIVES:
1. able-bodied / 2. aboveboard / 3. absent minded / 4. above-mentioned / 5. accident prone / 6. action-packed / 7. ageless / 8. age-old / 9. airborne / 10. air-cooled / 11. airsick / 12. airtight / 13. air-to-air / 14. air-to-ground / 15. air-to-surface / 16. angst-ridden / 17. armchair / 18. at-risk / 19. award-winning / 20. awe-inspiring / 21. awesome / 22. awestruck

******

ADVERBS:
1. aboveboard / 2. air-dash / 3. anymore / 4. anyhow / 5. anyplace / 6. anytime / 7. anyway / 8. anywhere

******

NOUNS:
1. about-turn / 2. absolute majority / 3. absolute temperature / 4. absolute zero / 5. academic year / 6. accounts payable / 7. accounts receivable / 8. acid rain / 9. acid test / 10. action figure / 11. action group / 12. action movie / 13. action point / 14. action replay / 15. action research / 16. action stations / 17. active list / 18. active service / 19. actor-manager / 20. acute accent / 21. acute angle / 22. adjacent angle / 23. adrenal gland / 24. adult education / 25. advance guard / 26. advanced level / 27. adventure game / 28. adventure playground / 29. African American / 30. African Canadian / 31. afterbirth / 32. after care / 33. after-effect / 34. afterglow / 35. afterlife / 36. afternoon / 37. after-sales service / 38. aftershave / 39. aftershock / 40. aftertaste / 41. afterthought / 42. afterword / 43. age group / 44. age limit / 45. agony column / 46. agrarian revolution / 47. air ambulance / 48. air base / 49. air brake / 50. air bridge / 51. air brush / 52. air conditioner / 53. air corridor / 54. air cover / 55. air force

About the author(s)

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. ManikJoshi.com is the personal website of the author.

Book Details
Publisher: 
Manik Joshi
Availability: Available for Download (e-book)
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