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Homonym a word that is spelt like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key meaning ‘button on computer keyboard’.
The state of being a homonym is called homonymy.
Very Important Note:
In Strict Sense, Homonyms have same spelling, same pronunciation, and different meaning.
HOMONYMS in Strict Sense:
Same Spelling / Same Pronunciation / Different meaning
Homonyms are also known as “Multiple Meaning Words”.
Examples: fare, principal, etc.
Fare -- a passenger | Fare -- price
Principal -- most important | Principal -- head of a school
In Wider Sense, Homonyms can also include words that have same or similar pronunciation (but different spelling) or same spelling (but different pronunciation).
In first situation, they are called ‘HOMOPHONES’
In second situation, they are called ‘HOMOGRAPHS’
HOMONYMS In Wider Sense:
Different Spelling / Same or Similar Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homophones’ are also called ‘Heterographs’.
Homophones are also known as “Sound-Alike Words”.
Examples: ad/add, know/no, etc.
ad -- advertisement | add -- to include
know -- to have information | no -- refusal
Same Spelling / Different Pronunciation / Different meaning
Note: ‘Homographs’ are also called ‘Heterophones’.
Examples: bow, lead, etc.
Bow (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- boʊ] -- a weapon used for shooting arrows
Bow (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- baʊ] -- to move your head forwards and downwards
Lead (noun) -- [Pronunciation -- led] -- a metallic element
Lead (verb) -- [Pronunciation -- li:d] -- to go in front
100 HOMONYMS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
1. Accident -- an event in which injury or damage is caused in or by vehicle
2. Accident -- something that happens unexpectedly
1. Action -- a legal process
2. Action -- fighting in a war
1. Alight -- on fire
2. Alight -- to get out of a vehicle
1. Angle -- inclination of two lines with each, measure in degrees
2. Angle -- to catch fish
1. Arch -- curve; semicircle
2. Arch -- mischievous
600 HOMOPHONE PAIRS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS:
01. Abhorrent / Aberrant
1. Abhorrent -- causing hatred for moral reasons
2. Aberrant -- unusual and socially unacceptable
02. Accede / Exceed
1. Accede -- to agree
2. Exceed -- to surpass
03. Accept / Except
1. Accept -- to admit
2. Except -- apart from
04. Acclamation / Acclimation
1. Acclamation -- loud and enthusiastic welcome
2. Acclimation -- process of getting used to a new climate or situation
05. Adapt / Adept / Adopt
1. Adapt -- to adjust or modify
2. Adept -- skillful
3. Adopt -- to become legal parents of somebody’s child
150 HOMOGRAPHS ALONG WITH THEIR MEANINGS AND PRONUNCIATION:
1. Absent [æbsənt] (adjective) -- not present
2. Absent [æb’sent] (verb) -- to not be in a place
1. Abuse [əbjus] (noun) -- misuse
2. Abuse [əbjuz] (verb) -- to misuse something
1. Accent [‘æksənt] (noun) -- pronunciation
2. Accent [æk’sent] (verb) -- to put emphasis on a part of something
1. Address [ædres] (noun) -- details of the place where you live or work; postal address
2. Address [ədres] (verb) -- to make a formal speech
1. Advocate [ædvəkət] (noun) -- supporter of something
2. Advocate [ædvəkeɪt] (verb) -- to support something publicly
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