If we analyze the history of Ancient India, Mughal era and British rule, we may find tremendous changes in the society, moreover in the conditions of women in the society. As the period of Vedic Era passed by, the culture of Gurukul and debate vanished completely. While studying the British rule we find that there were so many malpractices in the society either in the name of religion or considering the safety of women. It is very difficult to find out the exact starting point of such malpractices and to reach the first victim but it is believed that all this happened due to Mughal and British atrocities on Indians which gave birth to social insecurity, particularly of a woman. Some of these malpractices like burqa, veil, western culture etc were introduced in this country with the entry of invaders which are still not fit in these climatic conditions, here in India. It was because of safety concerns that woman became victim of illiteracy, again because of safety and dowry concern - a girl is being killed during pregnancy and yet again because of such a poignant condition of women, the society is lacking on moral and ethics as the first teacher of a child, the mother is barred to participate in progression of the civilization. Apart from these, there are so many issues, like eve-teasing, molestation, kidnapping etc, which she faces daily at different places, in different situations. The book "LIFE IN SHACKLES" does not only feature the ordeal of a woman but is about the fact that she needs some freedom, some liberty, some support to continue her role as the foundation stone of civilization. She is not just made for the purpose of use and throw. She needs self-esteem and self-consciousness too. I hope that the readers will find the stories in line with this introduction and would think seriously on the issues listed in the book in various stories. However, the progressive women has already started their movement against these social evils like illiteracy, unemployment, gender inequality, burqa, veil, Halala, polygamy, triple divorce etc, it's our duty to participate in the revolution of positive change for the betterment of the society.
சோலைமலை இளவரசி by Kalki R Krishnamurthy
SHORT STORIES of AKHTAR MOHIUDDIN by SYED TAFFAZULL HUSSAIN
Let's say Ni Hao with Gauri and Bao by Usha Sahoo
Jaani Dost by Manu Kaplis